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A form of psychotherapy aimed at alleviating the negative consequences of trauma or disturbing experiences. EMDR may help with those who suffer from forms of PTSD, depression, or abuse.
Not only people with these problems can benefit from EMDR. EMDR has more benefits, for all people:
Most people who practice EMDR do so with a therapist.
EMDR therapy is directed towards the past, present, and the future. The therapist reexamines traumatic events as well as the patient’s childhood. Early life is revisited because some trauma may have roots in early life events.
EMDR therapy also works on present and current symptoms. This therapy also focuses on the future - toward the building of the skills necessary to overcome these symptoms. The process has a few phases.
In early phases the client and therapist talk about client’s problems while the therapists move one finger in front of the eyes of the client and client is instructed to follow that finger with his/her eyes for a few minutes. After doing that, the therapist and client again talk about other symptoms of the client, and the client is again instructed to follow the finger of the therapist, and so on. This is done to help clear the patient’s mind and allow the therapist to try and understand exactly what events or emotions are causing the mental anguish. In the final phases, the therapist and client do the reflections of the therapeutic process in general.
The central presumption of this therapy is that an individual cannot hold on to two separate trains of thought equally at the same time. When we are in a state of stress, our brain doesn't function in the same way as it does when we are in a normal state. Individuals with trauma are always in the state of stress, and therefore, cannot function normally. EMDR brings back the memory of the trauma to the primary attention and weakens it. EMDR doesn't brainwash people into forgetting the trauma it just tries to make this memory less painful.
Once a week for roughly 90 minutes.
One to two times per week. Consult your therapist. Most treatments take 6-12 sessions.
Side effects include:
EMDR may help with more significant psychological problems or to relieve small everyday stresses.